This Horizon programme on BBC Two, 9.00pm Thursday 23 May 2002, while ostensibly about football was really an application of Sports Science much of which could be applied to archery. Below follows the BBC’s description of the programme. There are links to Sports Science sites at the bottom and a link to the BBC’s transcript of the programme [although the transcript has not yet been posted at 28 May].
Although there was nothing in the programme that was new it did display some of the mental techniques used in modern sport and showed the importance of skills such as goal setting and visualisation.
BBC Advert for the programme
The England football manager, Sven-Göran Eriksson, believes that modern soccer matches are not won on the pitch, but inside people’s minds. This film examines not just how Eriksson got inside his players’ brains, but how he is now starting nothing short of a revolution in English football thinking.
Eriksson’s plan, devised with sports psychologist Dr Willi Railo, has two critical elements. These are to banish the crippling effects of the fear of failure from the minds of the England players, and to encourage them to train mentally as well as physically to reach the highest levels of performance – dubbed playing in ‘the zone’.
Neurologists and psychologists from some of Britain’s most prestigious universities believe anxiety and the fear
of failure can make top professionals turn in performances like amateurs, and that Eriksson and Railo have a way to help the England team endure the pressure.
Coping with pressure
Their view is that England’s football past has been dogged by fear of failure. Piling on pressure and relying on patriotism to get people to perform doesn’t work when – at heart – it’s just 11 footballers taking on 11. If players accept they could lose (and that it’s alright when they do) then they’ll be less nervous and less prone to what’s called ‘choking’. When sportspeople choke, familiar instincts are overwhelmed by pressure.
Monitoring shows that people use different parts of the brain to perform actions which they are learning and those which are second nature. If the brain reverts to its learning mode, motor skills are constrained and that 89th minute penalty kick goes right over the bar.
Visualisation is fundamental to making sure people play to their best at all times. As far the brain is concerned, there’s little difference between practising a movement and just thinking through it. By thinking in advance just how intense the pressure could be, Eriksson’s players can avoid choking when critical moments arise.
Architects of their own success
Eriksson has a further psychological ace to play. For all his talk and motivation, he knows he’s not there on the pitch. To carry his thinking onto the field, he relies on so-called cultural architects, players whose thinking is so close to his own that they do his bidding without even realising. The captain, David Beckham, is clearly one architect; the team keeps secret just whom the others might be.
Sports psychology cannot predict whether England will win the World Cup. However, it does show that – for once – England are going into a major competition with an unprecedented degree of psychological preparedness, a critical advantage that the side has never boasted before. Thirty years of hurt may soon be over.